May 21, 2022

Margin Call

5 min read

Understanding margin calls is essential if one wishes to trade cryptocurrencies with leverage.

Cryptocurrencies are understood for being high-risk, high-reward assets that can bring astronomical earnings, and margin trading is a proven instrument for experts to multiply their income. It’s not a surprise that even regardless of all the additional danger included, these 2 have actually been integrated to create crypto margin trading. You can engage in crypto margin trading on most exchanges and crypto trading platforms.

What Is a Margin Call in Crypto?

A margin call is a signal sent out by a trading platform or a brokerage firm when the value of a trader’s margin account falls listed below the required quantity, which is called the maintenance margin requirement.

A margin call is generally a warning for the trader that if they don’t top up their margin account or sell the possession, their position will be liquidated automatically.

Formula for the Margin Call Price

The cost at which a trader may get a margin call differs depending upon what property is being traded and the specific margin requirements of each brokerage company or trading platform.

There are a couple of ways to determine at what cost a margin call might be received. Some platforms honestly display the price of a possession at which your account value will go listed below the maintenance requirement. Some also demonstrate how close you are to getting a margin call.

Here’s the margin call cost formula:

margin call price

The initial margin here describes the leverage utilized in your preliminary trade(e.g., 50% ).

The maintenance margin is set separately by each broker and trading platform. Example of a Margin Call Here’s a simplified example of a margin call one may get when doing crypto margin trading

. Picture you’ve simply bought some Ethereum. At the time of purchase, its general value was $10K. Out of that amount, you only paid $1,000, and the rest was covered by obtained cash.

The upkeep margin on that platform is precisely 10%, so your account equity (the worth of your account) should equal at least 10,000 Γ— 0.1 = 1,000. But don’t forget– you also have a margin loan of $9,000. As a result, your account equity isn’t $10K– it’s really $1K.

Now picture that the next day, the ETH cost decreases, therefore the marketplace value of your account decreases to $9.5 K, with your equity now being equal to $500.

At that point, the system will immediately detect that your equity is lower than the margin maintenance requirement and send a margin call. You will be required to deposit extra money to your account, particularly $500.

What Triggers a Margin Call?

worried trader

Margin calls can occur both when the cost increases too high and when it drops too low– it all depends on the kind of trading position. A margin call occurs when the market worth of a trader’s margin account drops listed below the upkeep margin requirement.

If the margin trader used leverage to purchase digital assets, then they will remain in threat when the price of their possessions decreases. If they secured a margin loan to short sell assets rather, then they must watch when the rates start rising.

How to Avoid a Margin Call

  1. Do not take part in margin trading

The very best way to prevent margin calls is to avoid margin trading. This is especially essential for traders who do not have sufficient cash to be confident in their ability to cover margin calls.

  1. Trade (fairly) risk-free cryptocurrencies

The 2nd best way to prevent margin calls is to trade only the cryptocurrency that you know will not decline (or rise– if you have a short position) too quickly in the future. Crypto margin trading is extra dangerous due to the fact that of the severe cost variations present in this market. So, it can be actually hard to find a digital asset that will be trusted sufficient to minimize the risk of getting margin calls.

  1. Practice with smaller sized amounts of cash first

If you understand all the threats related to crypto margin trading, we recommend trying it out with smaller sums of money initially and using less obtained cash by trading with smaller take advantage of.

  1. Usage stop-loss orders

Perhaps, the very best method to prevent getting margin calls is setting a stop loss right above the liquidation cost. Please note that this can result in minor losses as cryptocurrencies are unstable assets, and their prices can change quite rapidly in a brief amount of time– a position that has simply received a margin call may become lucrative the next day. However, if you do not have sufficient funds to be sure you can cover several margin calls, or you aren’t a knowledgeable trader yet, stop-loss orders can greatly decrease your danger of losing cash and getting margin calls.

How to Cover a Margin Call

You can cover a margin call by either depositing additional capital to your margin account or offering a portion of your possessions.

Can You Lose Money on Margin Calls?

It is really simple to lose money on margin calls, especially if you’re trading with huge take advantage of. The most serious risk features being not able to top up your margin account when you receive a margin call. If that happens, then your assets will most likely get liquidated at their present price, which most absolutely won’t be extremely favorable for you.

In addition to losing your position and preliminary deposit, you will also need to cover some extra losses when doing margin trading. Similar to your earnings, your losses can also be rather literally increased when you engage in margin trading– always be mindful of the amount of money you borrowed from the exchange.

Can You Pay Off a Margin Loan Without Selling?

There are 2 primary methods to settle a margin loan: by selling a portion of your possessions (or all of them) or by depositing additional money into your margin trading account.

The length of time Do You Have to Pay a Margin Call?

The quantity of time you have to deposit extra funds to your margin account depends on what trading platform you are using. Many traditional brokerages can offer users anywhere from 1 to 5 days to cover their margin debt and increase their account worth. Crypto margin trading platforms, however, can rarely afford to be this lenient and frequently give their margin traders a much shorter period of time to cover their margin calls.

Will a Margin Call Liquidate Your Trades?

A margin call does not always indicate forced liquidation. However, if the asset you were trading reaches its liquidation cost, and you do not increase your account value to match the maintenance margin in time, then yes, your open positions (some or all of them) will be closed, and your assets will be liquidated.


Disclaimer: Please note that the contents of this short article are not financial or investing recommendations. The details provided in this post is the author’s viewpoint only and ought to not be considered as offering trading or investing suggestions. We do not make any guarantees about the efficiency, reliability and precision of this info. The cryptocurrency market suffers from high volatility and occasional approximate motions. Any investor, trader, or regular crypto users need to look into numerous viewpoints and recognize with all regional regulations before devoting to an investment.

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