August 5, 2021

Ethereum’s London Hard Fork: What You Need To Know and What to Expect

4 min read

Containing numerous Ethereum Improvement Proposals (EIPs), including the vital 1559 and 3554, it’s worth checking out the key functions of the upcoming London difficult fork and how it might change the Ethereum network.

Although it was at first set up to happen in July, a more current statement from an Ethereum designer asserted that the London tough fork will happen on August 4th, 2021.

Why Does the Ethereum Blockchain Need Improvements?

Released in 2015, the Ethereum network’s utilization has actually grown massively in the next six years as it’s arguably the most used blockchain in the area today. It has become the house for numerous stablecoins, many NFT and DeFi projects, and, finally, its native digital possession, which happens to be the second-largest cryptocurrency by market cap.

With this usage, however, came significant obstacles for the existing evidence of work agreement algorithm. Those included postponed deals and unreasonably high costs reaching 4 digits in USD on some extreme celebrations.

The designers working on the ETH blockchain saw this, and their supreme service is to transition the network from PoW to evidence of stake. However, it’s a complex treatment requiring years of developing, screening and executing before it’s finished.

Till then, they haven’t abandoned the PoW network and proposed several difficult forks that could improve its efficiency faster.

Istanbul, Berlin and then London

After the Istanbul and Berlin hard forks, now it’s time for the next one with a code name ‘‘ London’ (called after the 2nd yearly developers’ conference in 2015).

At first scheduled to happen in July 2021, its progress was working out as it had released on a number of testnets, with the current one being Ropsten.

However, it was delayed, and Ethereum designer Tim Beiko announced previously this week that it’s anticipated to take place on August 4th in between 13:00 UTC and 17:00 UTC at block number 12,965,000.

The London hard fork will contain numerous EIPs, most noteworthy of which are 1559 and 3554. As explained in EIP-1, each proposal ought to follow these guidelines:

“The EIP must provide a succinct technical specification of the feature and a reasoning for the feature. The EIP author is responsible for building consensus within the community and documenting dissenting opinions.”

EIP-1559 aims to minimize deal charges through a somewhat controversial method. Instead of the user having to send a gas fee to a miner for the deal to be included in a block, EIP-1559 proposes that gas fees to be sent to the network.


EIP-1559: Gas to be sent out to the network rather of miners. Source: BitMEX blog Essentially, this new pricing system will burn the fee, which will minimize the total supply of Ether(ETH). The base fee will change with each block. It will depend on the network blockage, as if one

block is 50 % or more full with transactions, the fees will increase, and vice-versa. EIP-3238, on the other hand, will target the problem time bomb. It’s a feature that makes mining Ethereum increasingly harder. The idea is for mining to become so difficult that miners will have no choice but to transition out of Ethereum

1.0 and move over to Ethereum 2.0. < img class="size-full wp-image-128262"src =" "alt ="eth-dif-2021"width =" 1224 "height ="520"srcset =" 1224w, 300w, 1024w, 768w, 50w" sizes="(max-width: 1224px)100vw, 1224px"/ > ETH problem long-term chart. source: Etherscan At the current difficulty, however, the network would reach this too soon. Preliminary strategies suggested that EIP-3238 would delay the so-called time bomb up until the 2nd quarter of 2022. However, the more just recently proposed EIP-3554, whose review period ends on July 14th, would hold off the trouble bomb “to show effect the first week of December 2021.”

The developers explained the motivation behind EIP-3554 as follows:

“Targeting for the Shanghai upgrade and/or the Merge to take place prior to December 2021. Either the bomb can be readjusted at that time or gotten rid of entirely.”

The Controversy

While the abovementioned proposed upgrades might sound like a move in the ideal instructions for a lot of, not all parties are happy, especially with EIP-1559. The burning of the costs would basically create a deflationary effect on the second-largest cryptocurrency. Although this could boost ETH’s chances to become a preferred shop of worth property due to the lower supply, it would lower miners’ revenues.

And, Ethereum mining has undoubtedly been a rewarding organization, with profits surging to new highs in the past year approximately. After the London hard fork, this might change, although users will have the alternative to “tip” the miners if they select to.

Rather expectedly, lots of mining companies opposed the implementation of EIP-1559. Others argued that despite the fact that EIP-2656 – – which decreases gas expenses of transactions using modular exponentiation (ModExp) – – should enhance the network’s security and practically, there would be some potential issues on that front.

In addition, a current report by CoinMetrics asserted that EIP-1559 might not assist with decreasing the gas fees at all. It showed that the high transaction expenses are “basically a scalability issue,” and as long as dApp use keeps increasing, which is the existing trend, they will stay at these levels.

Rather, the paper laid out another possible solution, a minimum of until Ethereum 2.0 arrives. It originates from Layer-2 scaling networks as several blockchain jobs have currently released such items.

In any case, the London tough fork is amongst the most anticipated occasions in the cryptocurrency space this year and will more than likely have a significant impact on Ethereum’s highly used blockchain.