June 22, 2021

5 Key Takeaways From Bank of America’s Bitcoin Report

3 min read

While Citibank praised Bitcoin’s potential, experts at Bank of America released a damning indictment of the greatest cryptocurrency.

They do, however, see a lot more pledge in DeFi.

Bank of America Bearish on Bitcoin

Reserve Bank Digital Currencies Will Replace Bitcoin

Numerous central banks are actively working on CBDC, with nations such as China and the UAE even preparing inter-operability in between their nationwide digital currencies. Bank of America explained the move as “& ldquo; protecting their territory from cryptocurrencies,” & rdquo; suggesting that CBDCs would rapidly change private cryptocurrencies whose usage could be limited.

After heavy constraints, BoA adds that people will turn to CBDCs as they provide users with governmental backing and a far less unpredictable property.

Bitcoin Is Still Too Volatile

According to Bank of America, Bitcoin ought to have currently reached maturity as an asset. As witnessed throughout last March’s Covid crash, the huge swings in value suggest that Bitcoin can’t be a store of worth.

The company composes that Bitcoin’s volatility is higher than forex, gold, or silver and shows no sign of slowing down as 2021 is the 2nd most unpredictable year to date.

Bitcoin Is an Environmental Disaster

The rate of Bitcoin is directly associated to its energy intake, BoA experts argue. “& ldquo; Should costs increase to $1mn, Bitcoin may turn into the world’s 5th biggest emitter, exceeding Japan.”

& rdquo; This is an extremely arguable claim as the truth about the ecological effect of Bitcoin is much more complicated and not as directly correlated to price.

Whales Dominate Crypto

BoA reports that 2.4% of addresses hold 95% of the Bitcoin supply while the rest are primarily empty, comparing this to the leading 1 percent of Americans who hold 30% of all household wealth.

This number fails to think about that a bulk of financiers do not hold their own Bitcoin but typically trust exchanges to do so.

The concern of calculating Bitcoin concentration through this metric is that one address isn’t necessarily someone. In the 2.4% number, these addresses can hold the funds of thousands of consumers. This can work both ways as, similarly, there is no limitation of the accounts that one person can open. An active trader might utilize a number of addresses and leave some empty, for instance.

On-chain analytics firm Glassnode approximates the amount of Bitcoin held by each classification of Bitcoin holders as the following (the numbers on the left represent BTC holdings):

Estimated distribution of Bitcoin supply through individuals. Data from Glassnode.
Estimated distribution of Bitcoin supply through individuals. Data from Glassnode.Bitcoin Doesn’t Scale BoA compares Bitcoin’s total output of approximately 300,000 deals each day to Visa’s stated 236 million transactions per hour. As trading is supported by mining to guarantee the settlement process, the Bitcoin network’s speed will constantly be topped, restricting its potential to scale.

This stops working to consider the effort to establish Bitcoin’s second layer through tasks like Lightning Network, which effectively allows unlimited transactions per second, restricted just by the speed and capability of nodes.

Additionally, Bitcoin deals and Visa transactions are extremely various, and people do not utilize them for the very same kind of transactions.

In Citibank’s report, their experts argued that comparing Bitcoin and Visa transactions was akin to comparing worldwide trade transfers and buying cups of coffee. The 2 networks are utilized for really various functions, and the value proposal of a decentralized blockchain network was not the like a credit card business, nor does it pretend to be.

Bank of America Bullish on DeFi

Regardless of the scathing analysis of Bitcoin, the bank suggested that DeFi might “& ldquo; possibly be more disruptive than Bitcoin.”

& rdquo; According to their experts, while the DeFi area still has a long method to go, it could challenge central financial institutions in the long term. They still highlight the concern of scalability on the Ethereum blockchain, something that developers are working hard on for the release of Ethereum 2.0.

Disclaimer: The author held ETH and BTC at the time of writing.